When the Vikram lander from the Chandrayaan-3 mission softly landed on the moon, it stirred up a lot of lunar dust and created a bright area around the spacecraft, known as an “ejecta halo,” according to ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation).


Scientists at ISRO used a special camera on the

Chandrayaan-2 orbiter to study the moon’s surface before and after the Vikram lander’s landing. They found that as the lander descended and landed on the moon’s surface, it kicked up a significant amount of moon dust, creating this bright area around it.


In more specific terms, they estimated that about 2.09 tonnes of lunar dust were

thrown over an area of about 108.4 square meters. The Vikram lander appeared as a bright spot in the images, and its shadow could be seen as a dark patch next to it. This research helps us understand the effects of lunar landings on the

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moon’s surface.