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For many generations, Pakistan’s influential political families have strengthened their influence across all government tiers. A look at the historical roots of these political dynasties is evident of their prominence tracing back to the colonial British rule, way before partition of the sub-continent.


Sharifs of Lahore

Muhammad Sharif, founder of Ittefaq Industries, aligned with the anti-Bhutto camp.

Nawaz Sharif, son of Muhammad Sharif, held various political roles, emphasizing construction and development.

Shehbaz Sharif, Mian Sharif’s son, is active in Lahore politics.

Hamza Shahbaz Sharif and Maryam Nawaz contribute significantly to the family’s political endeavors.

Current elections feature Nawaz, Shehbaz, Hamza, and Maryam contesting from different constituencies.

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2. Bhuttos of Larkana

Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, founder of PPP, played pivotal roles as foreign minister and prime minister.

Benazir Bhutto and Nusrat Bhutto continued the family’s political legacy.

Asif Ali Zardari, Benazir’s son-in-law, became the President of Pakistan.

Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, representing the Bhutto family, is a prime ministerial candidate.

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3. Khans of Charsadda

Ghaffar Khan initiated the “Khudai Khidmatgar” movement.

Khan Abdul Wali Khan, son of Ghaffar Khan, played a key role during Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto’s era.

Asfandyar Wali, Wali Khan’s son, headed the Awami National Party.

Amir Haider Hoti, Wali Khan’s nephew, served as the chief minister of KP.

4. Family of Mufti Mehmood

Maulana Mufti Mehmood, from Dera Ismail Khan, defeated Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto in elections.

Maulana Fazlur Rehman, son of Mufti Mehmood, expanded the family’s political influence.

The family has multiple members involved in politics, both at the federal and provincial levels.

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5. Khattars of Attock

Hayat Khattar supported the British in the 1857 War of Independence.

Sardar Sikandar Hayat and Sardar Shaukat Hayat played influential roles in Punjab politics.

Major Tahir Sadiq, Shaukat Hayat’s son, and Iman Tahir, his daughter-in-law, are participating in the current elections.

6. Mengals of Wadh

Sardar Attaullah Mengal, head of BNP, was chief minister of Balochistan.

Akhtar Mengal, Attaullah’s son, was a provincial minister and a member of the National Assembly.

Shahzain Bugti, Akhtar Mengal’s grandson, is contesting in the current elections.

7. Chaudhrys of Gujarat

Chaudhry Zahoor Elahi started politics with the Convention League.

Chaudhry Salik Hussain and Qaisara Elahi, from the Chaudhry family, are contesting against each other.

8. Qureshis of Multan

Shah Mahmood Qureshi, a descendant of Sufi lineage, represents the anti-establishment stance.

The family has a rich political history, with members like Sajjad Hussain Qureshi and Nawab Sadiq Qureshi.

9. Tareens of Hazara

Gohar Ayub Khan, son of Ayub Khan, served as NA speaker and foreign minister.

Omar Ayub Khan, Gohar Ayub’s son, has been an MNA and federal minister, transitioning from PML-N to PTI.

Hussain Elahi, related to the Ayub Khan family, married the great-granddaughter of Ayub Khan.

10. Makhdooms of Rahim Yar Khan – Makhdoom-ul-Mulk Ghulam Miran Shah laid the foundation for the family’s political prominence. – Makhdoom Syed Ahmed Mahmood served as the governor of Punjab. – Makhdoom Ahmad’s sons, Mustafa Mahmood and Murtaza Mahmood, have been MNAs.

11. Makhdooms of Hala – Makhdoom Amin Fahim, a loyal PPP member, remained invincible in politics. – Makhdoom Khaliq-ul-Zaman, Makhdoom Shafiq-ul-Zaman, and Makhdoom Rafiq-ul-Zaman were active in the Senate and assemblies.

12. Mazaris of Rajanpur – Sardar Imam Bakhsh Mazari, an influential Baloch leader, started politics during the British era. – Balakh Sher Mazari, Sardar Imam Bakhsh’s son, became caretaker prime minister. – Sardar Dost Muhammad Mazari, Balakh Sher’s grandson, is a prominent name in current politics.

13. Chaudhrys of Jhelum – Chaudhry Awais and Chaudhry Altaf played significant roles, with Chaudhry Iftikhar serving as Chief Justice. – Chaudhry Shahbaz, brother of Chaudhry Awais, was an MNA and minister during the Musharraf era. – Chaudhry Farrukh Altaf and Chaudhry Fawad Hussain are elected MNAs from this family.

14. Qureshis of Multan – The Qureshi family from Multan has a Sufi lineage, with Shah Mahmood Qureshi being a prominent member. – The family has historical connections with prominent political figures like Sajjad Hussain Qureshi and Nawab Sadiq Qureshi.

15. Tareens of Hazara – Gohar Ayub Khan, son of Ayub Khan, served as NA speaker and foreign minister. – Omar Ayub Khan, Gohar Ayub’s son, has been an MNA and federal minister, transitioning from PML-N to PTI. – Hussain Elahi, related to the Ayub Khan family, married the great-granddaughter of Ayub Khan.

16. Makhdooms of Rahim Yar Khan – Makhdoom-ul-Mulk Ghulam Miran Shah laid the foundation for the family’s political prominence. – Makhdoom Syed Ahmed Mahmood served as the governor of Punjab. – Makhdoom Ahmad’s sons, Mustafa Mahmood and Murtaza Mahmood, have been MNAs.

17. Makhdooms of Hala – Makhdoom Amin Fahim, a loyal PPP member, remained invincible in politics. – Makhdoom Khaliq-ul-Zaman, Makhdoom Shafiq-ul-Zaman, and Makhdoom Rafiq-ul-Zaman were active in the Senate and assemblies.

18. Mazaris of Rajanpur – Sardar Imam Bakhsh Mazari, an influential Baloch leader, started politics during the British era. – Balakh Sher Mazari, Sardar Imam Bakhsh’s son, became caretaker prime minister. – Sardar Dost Muhammad Mazari, Balakh Sher’s grandson, is a prominent name in current politics.

19. Chaudhrys of Jhelum – Chaudhry Awais and Chaudhry Altaf played significant roles, with Chaudhry Iftikhar serving as Chief Justice. – Chaudhry Shahbaz, brother of Chaudhry Awais, was an MNA and minister during the Musharraf era. – Chaudhry Farrukh Altaf and Chaudhry Fawad Hussain are elected MNAs from this family.

20. Qureshis of Multan – The Qureshi family from Multan has a Sufi lineage, with Shah Mahmood Qureshi being a prominent member. – The family has historical connections with prominent political figures like Sajjad Hussain Qureshi and Nawab Sadiq Qureshi.

21. Tareens of Hazara – Gohar Ayub Khan, son of Ayub Khan, served as NA speaker and foreign minister. – Omar Ayub Khan, Gohar Ayub’s son, has been an MNA and federal minister, transitioning from PML-N to PTI. – Hussain Elahi, related to the Ayub Khan family, married the great-granddaughter of Ayub Khan.

22. Makhdooms of Rahim Yar Khan – Makhdoom-ul-Mulk Ghulam Miran Shah laid the foundation for the family’s political prominence. – Makhdoom Syed Ahmed Mahmood served as the governor of Punjab. – Makhdoom Ahmad’s sons, Mustafa Mahmood and Murtaza Mahmood, have been MNAs.

23. Makhdooms of Hala – Makhdoom Amin Fahim, a loyal PPP member, remained invincible in politics. – Makhdoom Khaliq-ul-Zaman, Makhdoom Shafiq-ul-Zaman, and Makhdoom Rafiq-ul-Zaman were active in the Senate and assemblies.

24. Mazaris of Rajanpur – Sardar Imam Bakhsh Mazari, an influential Baloch leader, started politics during the British era. – Balakh Sher Mazari, Sardar Imam Bakhsh’s son, became caretaker prime minister. – Sardar Dost Muhammad Mazari, Balakh Sher’s grandson, is a prominent name in current politics.

25. Chaudhrys of Jhelum – Chaudhry Awais and Chaudhry Altaf played significant roles, with Chaudhry Iftikhar serving as Chief Justice. – Chaudhry Shahbaz, brother of Chaudhry Awais, was an MNA and minister during the Musharraf era. – Chaudhry Farrukh Altaf and Chaudhry Fawad Hussain are elected MNAs from this family.

26. Qureshis of Multan – The Qureshi family from Multan has a Sufi lineage, with Shah Mahmood Qureshi being a prominent member. – The family has historical connections with prominent political figures like Sajjad Hussain Qureshi and Nawab Sadiq Qureshi.

27. Tareens of Hazara – Gohar Ayub Khan, son of Ayub Khan, served as NA speaker and foreign minister. – Omar Ayub Khan, Gohar Ayub’s son, has been an MNA and federal minister, transitioning from PML-N to PTI. – Hussain Elahi, related to the Ayub Khan family, married the great-granddaughter of Ayub Khan.

28. Makhdooms of Rahim Yar Khan – Makhdoom-ul-Mulk Ghulam Miran Shah laid the foundation for the family’s political prominence. – Makhdoom Syed Ahmed Mahmood served as the governor of Punjab. – Makhdoom Ahmad’s sons, Mustafa Mahmood and Murtaza Mahmood, have been MNAs.

29. Makhdooms of Hala – Makhdoom Amin Fahim, a loyal PPP member, remained invincible in politics. – Makhdoom Khaliq-ul-Zaman, Makhdoom Shafiq-ul-Zaman, and Makhdoom Rafiq-ul-Zaman were active in the Senate and assemblies.

30. Mazaris of Rajanpur – Sardar Imam Bakhsh Mazari, an influential Baloch leader, started politics during the British era. – Balakh Sher Mazari, Sardar Imam Bakhsh’s son, became caretaker prime minister. – Sardar Dost Muhammad Mazari, Balakh Sher’s grandson, is a prominent name in current politics.

This comprehensive overview highlights the rich historical roots and ongoing contributions of prominent political families in Pakistan’s dynamic political landscape.

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